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Research Article |

Adaptability Study of Improved Mung Bean (Vigna radiata) Varieties in Moisture Stress Areas of Guji Zone, Southern Ethiopia

Mung bean (Vigna radiata L.), a green gram, is the best important short duration legume crops for moisture stressed areas globally. On account of the prolonged drought in moisture stress areas in Ethiopia, drought tolerant and early matured with a little soil moisture crops are utmost important and production of mung bean crop is very crucial in the lowland areas of Guji zone. During the 2020–21 cropping season, a study was carried out at the Bore Agricultural Research Center's research mandate regions to assess the adaptation of mung bean cultivars. In order to assess eight characteristics—namely, days to 50% flowering, seed filling period, 90% physiological maturity, plant height, number of pods per plant, number of seeds per pod, seed yield, and hundred seed weight—for five mung bean varieties—Rasa, Shewa robit, NVL, Local, and Chinese—under rain-fed conditions at the Bore Agricultural Research Center on farms in the Guji Zone, a field experiment was set up in a randomized complete block design with three replications. With six rows per plot and a distance of 40 cm between rows and 10 cm between plants, each plot measured 2.4 meters by 4 meters. With the exception of plant height, which is not significantly different among varieties, the analysis of variances showed that Days to 50% blooming, Days to 90%maturity, number of pods per plant, number of seeds per pod, hundred seeds weight, and grain output per hectare changed as impacted by variety. The highest grain yield (1014.04kg/ha) was recorded from Rasa variety followed by local cultivar (938. 45kg/ha) whereas the minimum grain yield value (715.67kg/ha) was recorded by variety, NVL. Hence, the variety Rasa was best adapted in the study areas and it will be used for production.

Early Mature Crop, Legume Crop, Drought Tolerant, Seed Yield, Green Gam

APA Style

Dabalo, B., Afeta, T., Shumi, D., Neguse, R. (2024). Adaptability Study of Improved Mung Bean (Vigna radiata) Varieties in Moisture Stress Areas of Guji Zone, Southern Ethiopia. Journal of Plant Sciences, 12(1), 16-20. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.jps.20241201.13

ACS Style

Dabalo, B.; Afeta, T.; Shumi, D.; Neguse, R. Adaptability Study of Improved Mung Bean (Vigna radiata) Varieties in Moisture Stress Areas of Guji Zone, Southern Ethiopia. J. Plant Sci. 2024, 12(1), 16-20. doi: 10.11648/j.jps.20241201.13

AMA Style

Dabalo B, Afeta T, Shumi D, Neguse R. Adaptability Study of Improved Mung Bean (Vigna radiata) Varieties in Moisture Stress Areas of Guji Zone, Southern Ethiopia. J Plant Sci. 2024;12(1):16-20. doi: 10.11648/j.jps.20241201.13

Copyright © 2024 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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