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Research Article |

Yield Performance and Stability-Based Comparative Evaluation of Different Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) Genotypes Under Diverse Environments of Zimbabwe

Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) is an important cash and natural fibre crop grown worldwide. The present study was performed to assess and identify superior cotton genotypes with high mean and stable performance across different environments. The experimental gross plot sizes used in the experiment comprised of six rows which are one meter apart and six meters long (6m x 6m = 36m2). Data was collected from a net plot which measured 4m x 4m (16m2). The combined analysis of variance (ANOVA) using Genstat 18th version was generated and manifested significant differences for tested genotypes (G), locations (L), years (Y), genotype × year (GY), and genotype × location (GL) and GxLxY interactions revealing higher influence by environmental factors on yield (P < 0.001). High TSC means were recorded for SZ-9523, 81-01-1 and SN-96-5, where the three candidates obtained 3045.62kgha-1, 2721.56kgha-1 and 2705kgha-1 respectively. AMMI ANOVA showed that two IPCAs (IPCA1 and IPCA2) out of four were highly significant (P ≤ 0.001), and they accounted for 60.4% and 31.9 respectively (92.3% of the GEI). GGE Showed that SZ-9523 recorded high yield means and was also very stable. Generally, both biplots revealed that SZ-9523, 81-01-2 and SN-96-5 were high mean performers across all sites, whilst SZ-9523 was the most stable, and ideal genotype. These candidates are recommended for commercial release in Zimbabwe as well as for use as for use as parents in future breeding programmes.

Cotton, MANOVA, AMMI, GGE, Stability, Genotype

APA Style

Marco, M., Washington, M. (2024). Yield Performance and Stability-Based Comparative Evaluation of Different Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) Genotypes Under Diverse Environments of Zimbabwe. Journal of Plant Sciences, 12(1), 36-42.

ACS Style

Marco, M.; Washington, M. Yield Performance and Stability-Based Comparative Evaluation of Different Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) Genotypes Under Diverse Environments of Zimbabwe. J. Plant Sci. 2024, 12(1), 36-42. doi: 10.11648/jps.20241201.16

AMA Style

Marco M, Washington M. Yield Performance and Stability-Based Comparative Evaluation of Different Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) Genotypes Under Diverse Environments of Zimbabwe. J Plant Sci. 2024;12(1):36-42. doi: 10.11648/jps.20241201.16

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This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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